Use adjustable coathangers and hang the sensitized paper in a coat closet protected from light .
This technique is especially usefull for sensitized textile. The lower hanger may be weighted for stretching!
An alternative is to use a paper box with an iron plate at the base. Small magnets keep the paper in place and prevent buckling (depends on number of magnets and the humidity of the paper). Be carefull not to touch the sensitized part and cover the iron plate with some plastic (e.g. plastic bag) to prevent unwanted chemical reactions.
An further option to produce a negative for alternative printing is the cliché verre. This art form was “en vogue” at the Barbizon School, notably Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot and Charles-François Daubigny. Cliché verre dates back to Fox Talbot. Later to Barbizon interest was lost in this technique which is midway to printmaking and photography. The reason here for are explained extensively in this article by Thomas Ketelsen. A sketch of the history of cliché verre may be found over here.
The process to create a cliché verre is quite simple: a supporting material is covered with an opaque medium into witch the the drawing is scratched, drawn or whatever you can do to modify the opacity of the plate. One of the very first techniques consisted to smoke a glass plate with a candle (here a petroleum lamp).
The soot covered glass is scratched with a needle to draw in white lines. The negative obtained this way is used to expose light sensitive paper.
An alternative to this would be to cover the glass plate (could as well be some other transparent support like perspex, frosted Mylar, overhead transparency) with opaque medium: gouache, oil paint, indian ink, … and draw into this like in the soot, press an object into the still wet medium or proceed like for material printing.
The base material should present some grip so that the paint can adhere to the support.
dandelions covered with gouache on perspex:
Note that oil paint needs a lot of time to dry, so I would not advise to use oil paint. Instead use some water based medium.
A painting medium allows for nuances to play with.
Or a craquelure effect (uneven drying, this might be a problem) :
Lace is a very interesting material to use in a photogram on cyanotype paper.
see also Grape leaves, a toned cyanotype of lace in the form of grape leaves.
Sunny day today! Preparing a workshop on cyanotype printing. So out into the garden.
The idea to print plants by the cyanotype process dates back to the 19th century when Anna Atkins published the first ever book with photographic reproductions of plants (Photographs of British Algae: Cyanotype Impressions).
Yesterday I sensitized some paper with the cyanotype mixture (J. M. Eder: Rezepte, Tabellen und Arbeitsvorschriften für Photographie und Reproduktionstechnik, Verlag von Wilhem Knapp, Halle (Saale), 1942, 18.-19. Auflage, p.225) and had it to dry overnight.
Today picked up some plants (there are plenty) and put them under glass to press them firmly onto the paper for good contact in order to have clear contours. Five minutes exposure were sufficient to get some results.
Next step: wash out the unused chemicals (more or less 20 minutes).
As I wasn’t happy with the colour I added some hydrogen peroxide (10% solution to the water.)
Now the very last step: let it dry.
More on cyanotype:
- Ammonium iron(III) citrate (‘green’ variety) (important: iron(III), green)
- Potassium ferricyanide (important: ferri not ferro) –> [Red Prussiate of Potash, rotes Blutlaugensalz, ferricyanure de potassium]
Same negative, Jill Enfield’s sensitizer formula1 and Henry Hall’s sodium acetate developer (cf. Christopher James, The Book of Alternative Photographic Processes, 2nd ed., Delmar, Clifton Park, USA, 2009)
The first photo is on Fabriano artistico HP, the second on Arches aquarelle HP.
Changes in contrast and changes in colour.
This is a kallitype from the same negative.
Jill Enfield’s sensitizer formula1 ( Jill Enfield’s Guide to Photographic Alternative Processes, Focal Press, New York, USA, 2014) and sepia developer. Paper is Fabriano artistico HP.
positive cyanotype brownprint
negative cyanotype brownprint
Digital photos to this series on photodiary.
Guy Meder: “Wann d’Hinnesche de Kapp hänke loossen, sinn d’Lueden zou.”
Less exposure, 30” istead of 1′, citric acid in 1rst bath.
I made several changes to the negative in order to get some detail in the highlights. (Augmenting exposure time didn’t help.)
Van Dyke Brown print, digital negative
background is an aluminium foil